The Arabic Papyrology Database
www.naher-osten.lmu.de/apd

Browser

Please use Mozilla's FireFox for Macintosh and Opera for Windows. Define as encoding Unicode UTF-8.

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Keyboard layout

Correct Arabic script and the Latin transcription: For an easy typing of Arabic and of Latin transcription, please install the TRSCR keyboard.

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Fonts

For a correct display of the Latin transcription, please activate Lucida Grande.

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Layers

Have a look how texts are structured in different layers.

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Transcription

To type in the transcription of Arabic in Latin script have a look at our transcription system. This helps you looking up roots or lemmata in "TEXT".

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Grammatical forms

Have a look at the grammatical forms by which the lemmata are specified. Thus, you might search for a grammatical form or category in "TEXT".

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Lemmata

Have a look at the list of categories you can look up in "LEXICON".

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Brackets

Get introduced into the system of brackets occuring in the layer "السطر الأصلى". Brackets stand for abbreviations, addenda, missing parts, etc.

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